Material and component research are carried out in WP1. Each component of the HESS is improved in order to achieve improvements in KPI from objective 1 and 2. Therefore, PFES, ULA, UNIBO and SKT are working in close cooperation on the improvements of HP-VRFB. The knowledge from SKT in thermal modeling and strategies for heat removal are combined with the expertise of PFES in manufacturing VRFB. ICT already performed investigations of recycling methods of vanadium from waste and used electrolytes, thus complementing the expertise in VRFB material and components. PFES has the infrastructure (laboratories, small batch production) to manufacture a prototype of the new HP-VRFB stack, which will be installed in the HESS demonstrator in WP3. PFES will integrate the new HP-VRFB to their standard products and will gain more market potential with HyFlow (see dissemination plan chapter 2). ULA, will assist with their VRFB laboratory to further extend the laboratory capacities for VRFB stack testing. PFES and ULA have worked together in the project FSTORE (see partner description). In FSTORE the laboratories, testing equipment and testing standards of ULA have been adjusted and installed in accordance to the expertise of PFES. Therefore, the continuing partnership is based on trusted collaboration, continuously knowledge exchange and expertise due to the 3 years collaboration in FSTORE. C2C develops and manufactures SC based on the description given in chapter 1 in strong collaboration with UNIBO. In the last year, the C2C developed the pre-release version of its engine-starting module, was successfully accepted by several potential customers. C2C is in the last stages of development of its product, and the merging of skills as broad as engineering, designing, customer relationship, marketing and commercial demonstration should offer to the consortium a handy tool kit for a successful implementation of the project. C2C will perform all verification tests for the SC cells and modules with their existing laboratory. With the entire knowledge of UNIBO, working on diverse SC technologies on cell level, new environmentally friendly materials and technologies are developed. UNIBO will perform basic electrochemical and physical-chemical studies on materials and preliminary test on full supercapacitor cells. All results will be used from C2C to establish new material in their existing SC cells. EP is expert for DC converter development and electrical networks with SC or batteries in general. EP is the link between the component manufactures (PFES, C2C) and research institutes. In an early stage of the project, they will lead discussions to ensure the optimal converter topology for the HESS. Therefore, a close cooperation on component-scale (WP1, WP2) of the HESS is necessary.
In close connection to the results from WP1, WP2 focusses on the management strategies of the components. Discrete simulation models of all components will be developed to verify the strategies on different time-scales and for various applications. SKT is the leader of WP2 and is focused on advanced simulation models and control strategies for VRFB.
SKT is from Russia and thus, not automatically eligible for the EU funding, but bring outstanding experience to the consortium. Their role as a European expert on dynamic modeling of redox flow batteries and development of